5G is the technology of the future with ultra-high speed connectivity and downloading speeds, users can witness internet with a never before enthralling experience. Though, this technology is still in the enveloping stage and many service providers have been establishing 5G infrastructure to grab a advantage of their competitors.
Intrinsically, 5G is the abbreviation used for 5th generation wireless technology which is considered as the most anticipated technology of the future mobile networking. Currently, the 4G or 4th generation wireless technology is used world over. As compared to the 4G technology, 5G is miles ahead in terms of communication bandwidth, data exchange speeds and device-to-device usage. With its implementation, it will allow lower latency and low battery consumption as compared to the 4G technology. For this benefit, it is an ideal communication technology for Internet of Things.
Some of the salient features of the upcoming 5G technology are:
- Improvement in data transfer rates as compared to 4G
- Improved performance for wireless sensors
- Significant improvement in spectral efficiency as compared to 4G
- Improved coverage as compared to 4G
- Improvement in signaling efficiency
- Reduction in latency
Leading technology giants and telecom service providers all over the world have made breakthroughs in 5G technology. Here are some insights:
Chinese telecom company Huawei recently announced that they have achieved a breakthrough in the peak cell throughput crossing the mark of 20 Gigabits/sec in the C-Band test. The entire test was proceeded under the China 5G Technology Research and Development program. This program has been organized by the IMT-2020 (5G) group. The test results have set a new benchmark for Huawei, breaking their own record set at the IMT-2020 (5G) summit held in June.
The C-Band test done by Huawei incorporated various new technologies including: 5G radio, polar code, MIMO and other techniques to utilize the complete 200 MHz bandwidth of the 4.9 GHz carrier. This approach allowed them a significant wide area coverage. Quite notably, the 3.5 GHz and 4.9 GHz carrier tests play a significant role in 5G R&D trials of China.
China is proceeding ahead with the plan of launching full-fledged 5G services by the year 2020. Currently, leading telecom providers in the country – China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom are engaged in the launch of 5G pilot services in major metro cities of the country. It has been speculated that Shanghai, Beijing, Jiangxi, Hainan, Shanxi, Shandong and Hebei will be the first ones to receive the 5G pilot services.
South Korea has been the pinnacle of latest developments in the digital world. Two main tech giants – KDDI and Samsung Electronics have announced the successful completion of the 5G tests with breakthrough millimeter wave speeds of 190 km/h, which is a world record. The success of these 5G tests showcase the extremely high potential and proficiency of the 5G channel. The advent of such a technology will surely revolutionize the telecommunications and mobile internet sphere, at a large-scale.
Leading US telecom company, AT&T launched its first 5G cellular test in Austin, Texas. The company expanded their reach to various local businesses in the month of June. Moreover, the company released a statement explaining the further expansion of their 5G test into 3 new cities including: Waco, Kalamazoo and South Bend.
The company holds the opinion that their experience in Austin will provide them useful insights to accelerate their expansion. Parameters such as: millimeter wave speeds, performance, reliability and propagation will be studied. In addition, factors such as: building obstruction, change in weather and location of devices will also provide useful information related to the performance and capability of the 5G signal.
AT&T is engaged in the development of fixed as well as mobile wireless solutions through field trials. The company is looking for a full-scale deployment by the end of 2018. On the other hand, Sprint and Ericsson have also made good grounds into the development of the 5G technology, with their first 2.5 GHz Massive MIMO tests in Seattle, Washington and Plano, Texas. The main aim of the collaboration is to increase the network capability of Sprint.
Europe has also been witnessing the testing of 5G technology by different telecom companies. Deutsche Telekom has partnered with Chinese telecom company Huawei to begin the testing phase of 5G network. The test network will be utilizing a non-standalone 5G specification, a part of 3GPP standards.
Likewise, ZTE, is also going to launch its brand new 5G innovations at the IFA 2017, where spectators can have a real-time preview of the 5G technology. The company is also looking to launch its new smartphone which supports the 5G technology at the event. ZTE’s CEO Bill Xiang has quoted that the company has already been investing almost a quarter million Euros every year in the research and development of the 5G technology.
Meanwhile in Italy, three companies – TIM, Huawei and MVNO Fastweb are also planning 5G trails in leading Italian cities by next year. As per their plan, the tests will begin by the month of June, and will focus to enable 75% coverage in various Italian cities.
Middle East and Africa
Zain Group has been looking to revolutionize the telecom sphere in Middle East and Africa (MEA). The company has been able to achieve breakthrough data rates (70 Gb/s) in their trials. In addition, the company has claimed that the findings from the trials will be used to enhance the technology.
Japanese telecom giant Softbank has been looking to collaborate with Ericsson to conduct a series of 5G trials in the country. With a focus to target urban areas of Tokyo city, the company will be dwelling in the 4.5 GHz band. Intrinsically, the trials will incorporate the use of two new radios. Along with that Massive MIMO, beamforming and other state-of-the-art technologies will also be involved in the trials.
Softbank’s Senior Director of Mobile Plannin, Hidebumi Kitahara had given a statement in December 2016, that more than 100 cell sites in Tokyo were duly upgraded and reinforced with the latest technology to comprehend with the 5G trials.