5G technology is the latest standard for high speed internet connectivity on the mobile devices. It provides the capability to achieve breakthrough downloading and uploading speeds. With the implementation of the 5G technology, consumers can experience internet like never before. Telecom companies all over the world have been establishing the required infrastructure for the 5G technology. It has been done to achieve the supremacy in the ever-competent telecom market.
The term 5G is the short form for 5th generation mobile wireless technology. At present, 5G technology holds prime importance for the future of high-speed telecommunication. In comparison with the already existing 4G technology, the 5G promises to provide astonishing data transfer speeds up to 100 Gigabits per second. This means that the 5G technology is 1000 times more powerful than the existing 4G technology.
Besides, the implementation of 5G technology will also result in minimizing the latency and battery consumption in the mobile devices. This benefit also makes it ideal for Internet of Things (IoT) networks.
Other than that, some additional benefits of the 5G technology are:
• Improvement in data transfer rates as compared to 4G
• Improved performance for wireless sensors
• Significant improvement in spectral efficiency as compared to 4G
• Improved coverage as compared to 4G
• Improvement in signaling efficiency
• Reduction in latency
Current happenings in the 5G domain all-over the world:
China, in its 13th five-year plan has proposed to launch 5G technology by the year 2020. The government has made extensive plans to promote this technology in two phases of 5G trials. The first trial is the Technology R&D from the year 2015 to 2018, which includes key technology trials, technology scheme trials and system trials.
The second trial is Product R&D from the year 2018 to 2020. For the implementation of the 5G technology, major Chinese telecom companies are going to spend around $43 billion.
As per Richard Yu, CEO Huawei Inc., China will be a world leader in terms of the implementation of the 5G technology. He insisted that although China was late to adopt the 3G technology, they came at par with other countries in terms of 4G technology. However, the country is all set to become the world leader with the large-scale implementation of 5G technology by the year 2020.
USA is also one of the countries running in the forefront of 5G implementation. As per Accenture, the implementation of 5G technology in the United States will result in the creation of 3 million jobs, and contribute approximately $500 billion to the US GDP growth. The implementation is touted to benefit the consumers as well as improving the economy of the country.
Telecom giants Ericsson – Verizon is looking forward to the deployment of pre-standard 5G commercial radio network and 5G core network in different parts of the country by the second half of the year 2018. Likewise, AT&T will be providing 5G services in 12 different regions by the end of the year 2018.
Europe will also be witnessing the 5G revolution with different telecom companies gearing up for its full-scale implementation by the end of the year 2018. Telia in collaboration with Ericsson and Intel is looking forward to deploy the region’s first public 5G network. This scheme will include delivering high-speed internet services to commercial passenger cruise ships, and construction excavator services controlled with the help of a 5G network.
This scheme will benefit the existing Telia customers. Moreover, the company is also looking to provide 5G services in Tallinn and Stockholm by the end of 2018. With its implementation, these two cities will become pioneer cities in the world with comprehensive 5G availability.
Russia is all set to gear up for the implementation of the 5G technology. Telecom operator MTS will be looking forward to the demonstration of 5G internet services during the FIFA World Cup 2018 in Russia. Further, Russian telecom player Rostelecom has collaborated with Ericsson to proceed with 5G trials in Saint Petersburg. The trials will begin in the second half of 2019.
Telecom operator EE in collaboration with Chinese tech giant Huawei have successfully ended the trial of end-to-end 5G network architecture. Vodafone and Ericsson have also announced the completion of pre-standard 5G data tests by using the 3.5 GHz radio spectrum. The test was completely independent of the 4G network architecture currently implemented in the country.
Norwegian telecom company, Telenor has successfully completed the testing of 5G technology in the country in 2017. The company is looking forward to a full-scale implementation of the 5G infrastructure by the start of the year 2020.
Germany’s Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) has launched an official statement that mentions that 5G trials are scheduled for the second half of 2018. The country is looking forward to the start of 5G services by the year 2020. Whereas, a full-scale implementation will be possible by the year 2025.
India with its massive population has a great market for mobile telecommunications. The country is looking to meet the demand of extensive network and data services with the implementation of 4.5G and 5G infrastructure. The country is currently looking towards Massive MIMO to enhance its spectrum efficiency.
NTT Docomo, the Japan’s biggest telecom company has selected Nokia to provide essential hardware for the large-scale implementation of the 5G technology by the year 2020. Although, the country is known for its technological advancements, however; the country is still one year behind USA in terms of 5G deployment timelines.
Telecom giant Ericsson has estimated that the 5G technology will be serving 15% of the world’s population by the year 2022.
Verizon is estimating to have 3 to 5 fixed wireless markets utilizing its 5G standards in the USA by the end of the year 2018.